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The Primary Data About the Lichen Flora of the National Park “Onega Pomorie”. C. 35–44

Версия для печати

Section: Biology

UDC

582.29

Authors

Vladimir N. Korotkov*, Aleksey V. Pchelkin**
*Lomonosov Moscow State University (Moscow, Russian Federation), Institute of Global Climate and Ecology of Roshydromet and Russian Academy of Sciences (Moscow, Russian Federation)
**Institute of Global Climate and Ecology of Roshydromet and Russian Academy of Sciences, Institute of Geography (Moscow, Russian Federation), Russian Academy of Sciences (Moscow, Russian Federation)

Abstract

The national park “Onega Pomorie” was founded in 2013. It is located in the northern part of the Onega Peninsula (Arkhangelsk region). An important task of the national park is an inventory of species and the ecosystem diversity of the territory. The paper presents the first results of the lichen inventory conducted in 2014–2015. The study area covered the northwestern part of the Onega Peninsula and was limited within the geographical coordinates 64,8285º – 65,1633º N and 36,5076º – 37,2064º E in the WGS-84 coordinate system. We present the annotated list of 87 lichen species mainly of epiphytic and epigenic ecological groups. The substrate and habitat are indicated for each type of lichen; the location details are established for rare and protected species. Eurytopic, eurybiontic lichens, such as Parmelia sulcata, Hypogymnia physodes, are very common among the epiphytic species. Two species are listed in the Red Data Book of the Russian Federation and the Red Data Book of the Arkhangelsk region: Lobaria pulmonaria and Bryoria fremontii. Epiphytic lichen Lobaria pulmonaria is quite wide distributed on the territory of the national park and is confined to the old-growth forests. Usually old trees of Populus tremula and rarely old trees of Salix caprea and Sorbus aucuparia serve as the phorophytes for Lobaria pulmonaria. The main substrate for Bryoria fremontii in the national park is the trunks and branches of Scotch pine (Pinus sylvestris). Epiphytic lichens Alectoria sarmentosa, Ramalina dilacerata, R. roesleri which are protected in a neighboring region and listed in the Red Data Book of the Republic of Karelia are typical for the national park.

Keywords

lichen, Onega Pomorie, Arkhangelsk region
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