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Industrial Transformation of Vegetation in the Territory of the Aikhal Mining and Processing Plant (Western Yakutia). P. 14–20

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Section: Geosciences

UDC

911.2:581.9+911.52

Authors

Aleksey A. Nikiforov*, Svetlana I. Mironova*
*North-Eastern Federal University in Yakutsk (Yakutsk, Russian Federation)

Abstract

Industrial transformation of vegetation is influenced by various anthropogenic factors: buildings, roads, trampling, fires, logging, power lines construction and in particular - mining. In Western Yakutia such factor is diamond mining. The studies are conducted on the territory of Aikhal mining and processing plant, where the vegetation is greatly changed under the influence of mining. We consider several objects: tailing dump, cuttings, dumping sites and plowed lands as a result of field exploration. The ordination of species in natural and disturbed areas is performed; the Brown and Blanke scale is used in the description of vegetation. The study results demonstrate the less abundant vegetation in felling than in other areas. Under the impact of anthropogenic influences the boundaries of the natural landscapes have changed; melting of the permafrost formations plays a special role, extending at times the boundaries of industrial draining-outs. Significant changes in vegetation are observed in the northern part of the quarry dump “Aikhal”, as the reclamation works were carried out in the dumping site, accelerating the process of surface overgrowing. In general, the process of self-overgrowing is slow in the technological lands, not only because of the impact of the Aikhal mining and processing plant, but also of the hard climate, slowing the growth and development of plants.

Keywords

industrial transformation of vegetation, disturbed land, technogenic landscape, Brown and Blanke scale, diamond mining, Aikhal mining and processing plant
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