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Local Faunae of Bumblebees (Hymenoptera: Apidae, Bombus Latr.) in the European North of Russia: Vicinity of the Town of Shenkursk. P. 41–49

Версия для печати

Section: Biology

UDC

595.799

Authors

Grigoriy S. Potapov*, Yuliya S. Kolosova*
*Federal Center for Integrated Arctic Research,
Russian Academy of Sciences (Arkhangelsk, Russian Federation)

Abstract

Based on the results of the fieldwork carried out near the town of Shenkursk and the study of the collection material, we investigated the local fauna and community of bumblebees in the study area. 22 species of bumblebees were found. The majority of species in the local fauna was trans-Palaearctic; Holarctic, Sub-trans-Palaearctic and West-Central-Palaearctic species were less represented. In the latitudinal aspect the majority of these species was temperate, the rest were arcto-temperate, boreal; and one species was subboreal. The basis of the local fauna of bumblebees in the vicinity of the town of Shenkursk consisted of species with the wide range. In relation to the ecological groups of bumblebees, the meadow species were widely represented (Bombus soroeensis, B. distinguendus, B. humilis, B. rupestris, B. quadricolor, B. sichelii and others), which were not typical to native taiga ecosystems. The presence of these species was due to the extensive development of dry meadows in the study area, which led to the enrichment of the fauna by species, typical for the southern biomes. The studied bumblebee communities in three habitats near Shenkursk were characterized by relatively low species richness, but the evenness of species abundance was quite high. The meadow species were dominated in two of the presented communities. The eurytopic species predominated in one of the samples. The forest species of bumblebees were presented only by B. schrencki, B. pratorum, B. sporadicus with minor indices of abundance. The majority of bumblebee species were foraging on Centaurea scabiosa. B. soroeensis was noted predominantly on Melilotus officinalis and Solidago virgaurea. Bumblebees were actively visiting Trifolium pratense and Rhinanthus minor in one of the studied habitats.

Keywords

local bumblebee fauna, Bombus Latr., Shenkursk, bumblebee fauna of the Arkhangelsk region
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