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Safety Concept at Nuclear Legacy Decommissioning. P. 25–31

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Section: Geosciences

UDC

[621.039+621.311.24:621.039]:614.876(470+571)

Authors

Kuznetsov Vladimir Mikhailovich
Institute of Shipbuilding and Arctic Marine Engineering, Severodvinsk Branch of Northern (Arctic) Federal University named after M.V. Lomonosov (Severodvinsk, Russia)
е-mail: kuznetsov1956@mail.ru
Khvostova Marina Sergeevna
Institute of Shipbuilding and Arctic Marine Engineering, Severodvinsk Branch of Northern (Arctic) Federal University named after M.V. Lomonosov (Severodvinsk, Russia)
е-mail: marinakhvostova@list.ru
Shingarkin Maksim Andreevich
State Duma of the Federal Assembly of the Russian Federation (Moscow, Russia)
е-mail: waterkeeper_pr@mail.ru

Abstract

The paper dwells on conceptual issues of safety at decommissioning of such nuclear facilities as nuclear power plants, nuclear fuel cycle enterprises, nuclear-powered vessels and submarine service ships. It reports on the basic provisions and implementation of the Federal target program “Ensuring Nuclear and Radiation Safety for 2008 and for the Period till 2015”. Major factors affecting the choice of the national concept of nuclear facilities decommissioning are considered. Key aspects having influence on ensuring nuclear, radiation and environmental safety of the personnel, population and nature at decommissioning are revealed. We come to the conclusion that key safety issues at nuclear decommissioning concern radioactive waste and spent fuel management. New technologies for spent fuel and radioactive waste reprocessing, as well as for dismantling and decontamination of hazardous radioactive objects will help to manage the long-term stored types of spent fuel and accumulated radioactive waste and to retain leadership in the sphere of technology.

Keywords

decommissioning, nuclear power plants, radioactive waste, spent fuel, nuclear and radiation safety
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References

  1. Kuznetsov V.M. Radiatsionnoe nasledie kholodnoy voyny. Opyt istoriko-nauchnogo issledovaniya [Radiation Legacy of the Cold War. Experience of a Historical and Scientific Research]. Moscow, 2006. 720 p.
  2. Kuznetsov V.M., Chechenov Kh.D. Rossiyskaya i mirovaya atomnaya energetika [Nuclear Energy in Russia and the Rest of the World]. Moscow, 2008. 764 p.
  3. Kuznetsov V.M., Chechenov Kh.D., Nikitin V.S. Ekologicheskaya bezopasnost’ ob”ektov ispol’zovaniya atomnoy energii [Environmental Safety of Nuclear Facilities]. Moscow, 2010. 851 p.