Address: office 1410a, 17 Naberezhnaya Severnoy Dviny, Arkhangelsk, 163002, Russian Federation, Northern (Arctic) Federal University named after M.V. Lomonosov

Phone: (818-2) 21-61-21
E-mail: vestnik_est@narfu.ru
http://aer.narfu.ru/en/

ABOUT

Seasonal Fluctuations of Hemodynamic Indices in Skiers in the European North of Russia. P. 56–63

Версия для печати

Section: Biology

UDC

[612.172.014.424.613.13] (470.1/.2)

Authors

Gudkov Andrey Borisovich
Northern State Medical University (Arkhangelsk, Russia)
e-mail: gudkovab@nsmu.ru
Popova Olga Nikolaevna
Northern State Medical University (Arkhangelsk, Russia)
e-mail: popovaon@nsmu.ru
Manuylov Ilya Vladimirovich
Northern State Medical University (Arkhangelsk, Russia)
e-mail: manuylov_ilia@mail.ru

Abstract

During all four seasons of the year, we studied the cardiovascular system of 35 skiers aged 18–22 years and born in the European North of Russia. In autumn and winter, they showed increased systolic discharge and minute circulatory volume, decreased systolic and diastolic blood pressure as well as heart rate and general vascular peripheral resistance, which proves the adaptive reactions occurring in the cardiovascular system in those seasons to be efficient. Increased total peripheral resistance, myocardial tension index and adaptive capacity as well as decreased myocardial efficiency showed that the functional state of the circulatory system is lower in spring and summer.

Keywords

European North, skiers, circulatory system, seasonal dynamics
Download (pdf, 2.7MB )

References

  1. Baevskiy R.M., Berseneva A.P. Vvedenie v donozologicheskuyu diagnostiku [Introduction to Prenosological Diagnosis]. Moscow, 2008.
  2. Butin I.M. Lyzhnyy sport [Skiing]. Moscow, 2000.
  3. Vanyushin M.Yu. Adaptatsiya kardiorespiratornoy sistemy sportsmenov k fizicheskoy nagruzke povyshayushcheysya moshchnosti: dis. … kand. biol. nauk [Cardiorespiratory System Adaptation to Rising Exercise Stress in Athletes: Cand. Biol. Sci. Diss. Abs.]. Kazan, 2003.
  4. Vanyushin Yu.S., Khayrullin R.R. Fizicheskaya rabotosposobnost’ sportsmenov s razlichnymi tipami adaptatsii kardiorespiratornoy sistemy [Physical Work Capacity of Athletes with Different Types of Adaptation of the Cardiorespiratory System]. Fiziologiya cheloveka, 2008, vol. 34, no. 6, pp. 131–133.
  5. Gribanov A.V., Beresnev S.I. Sostoyanie sokratitel’noy sposobnosti miokarda u detey i podrostkov Severa s razlichnymi tipami gemodinamiki [State of Myocardial Contractility in Children and Adolescents with Different Types of Hemodynamics Living in the North]. Vestnik Pomorskogo universiteta. Ser.: Meditsinskie i psikhologo-pedagogicheskie nauki, 2001, no. 3, pp. 11–17.
  6. Gudkov A.B., Nebuchennykh A.A., Popova O.N. Pokazateli deyatel’nosti serdechno-sosudistoy sistemy u voennosluzhashchikh uchebnogo tsentra voenno-morskogo flota Rossii v usloviyakh Evropeyskogo Severa [Indices of Cardiovascular System Activity in Military Men from Russian Navy Training Center in Conditions of European North]. Ekologiya cheloveka, 2008, no. 1, pp. 39–43.
  7. Gudkov A.B., Nebuchennykh A.A., Popova O.N. Fizicheskaya rabotosposobnost’ voennosluzhashchikh po prizyvu v nachal’nyy period sluzhby na Evropeyskom Severe [Physical Efficiency of Called-In Military Men During Initial Period of Service in the European North]. Ekologiya cheloveka, 2008, no. 3, pp. 43–47.
  8. Kubushka O.N., Gudkov A.B., Labutin N.Yu. Nekotorye reaktsii kardiorespiratornoy sistemy u molodykh lits trudosposobnogo vozrasta na stadii adaptivnogo napryazheniya pri pereezde na Sever [Some Reactions of the Cardiorespiratory System in Young Working-Age People at the Stage of Adaptive Strain When Removing to the North]. Ekologiya cheloveka, 2004, no. 5, pp. 16–18.
  9. Panteleeva N.I. Elektricheskaya aktivnost’ serdtsa v period repolyarizatsii zheludochkov u lyzhnikov-gonshchikov: dis. … kand. biol. nauk [Heart Electrical Activity During Ventricular Repolarization in Cross-Country Racers: Cand. Biol. Sci. Diss. Abs.]. Syktyvkar, 2011, pp. 78–93.
  10. Rusanov V.B. Sistemnye izmeneniya tsentral’noy gemodinamiki v usloviyakh adaptatsii k fizicheskim nagruzkam na vynoslivost’ [System Changes of Central Hemodynamics During Adaptation to Physical Endurance Exercises]. Vestnik Chelyabinskogo gosudarstvennogo pedagogicheskogo universiteta, 2009, no. 8, pp. 267–275.
  11. Taminova I.F. Osobennosti serdechno-sosudistoy sistemy i fizicheskoy rabotosposobnosti u sportsmenov vysokoy kvalifikatsii s raznoy spetsifikoy vidov sporta [Peculiarities of Cardiovascular System and Physical Efficiency in Sportsmen of High Qualification with Different Specificity of Sport Kind]. Sibirskoe meditsinskoe obozrenie, 2009, vol. 55, no. 1, pp. 73–77.
  12. Shakhanova A.V., Koblev Ya.K., Grechishkina S.S. Osobennosti adaptatsii serdechno-sosudistoy sistemy sportsmenov raznykh vidov sporta po dannym variabel’nosti ritma serdtsa [Specific Features of the Adaptation of the Cardiovascular System of Sportsmen Shown by Data of Heart Rate Variability]. Vestnik adygeyskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Ser. 4: Estestvenno-matematicheskie i tekhnicheskie nauki, 2010, no. 1, pp. 105–111.
  13. Shmerdyak A.V. Fiziologicheskie i metabolicheskie kharakteristiki protsessov adaptatsii i dezadaptatsii organizmov sportsmenov vysokoy kvalifikatsii: dis. … kand. med. nauk [Physiological and Metabolic Characteristics of Adaptation and Maladaptation of Highly Skilled Athletes]. Tyumen, 2005.
  14. Gudkov A.B., Tedder Iu.R. Metabolic Changes in Workers Under Conditions of Expeditions Shift Work Schedule Beyond the Polar Circle. Human Physiology, 1999, vol. 25, no. 3, pp. 370–373.