Address: office 1410a, 17 Naberezhnaya Severnoy Dviny, Arkhangelsk, 163002, Russian Federation, Northern (Arctic) Federal University named after M.V. Lomonosov

Phone: (818-2) 21-61-21
E-mail: vestnik_est@narfu.ru
http://aer.narfu.ru/en/

ABOUT

Dynamics of Root Respiration in Pine and Spruce Trees of Northern Taiga Plant Communities. P. 52–60

Версия для печати

Section: Biology

UDC

630*2:582.475

Authors

Zarubina Liliya Valeryevna
Faculty of Agronomy and Forest Management, Vologda State Dairy Farming Academy by N.V. Vereshchagin (Vologda, Russia)
е-mail: kaf_leshoz@mail.ru, Liliva270975@yandex.ru
Konovalov Valeriy Nikolaevich
Forestry Engineering Institute, Northern (Arctic) Federal University named after M.V. Lomonosov (Arkhangelsk, Russia)
е-mail: v.konovalov@agtu.ru
Feklistov Pavel Aleksandrovich
Forestry Engineering Institute, Northern (Arctic) Federal University named after M.V. Lomonosov (Arkhangelsk, Russia)
е-mail: feklistov@narfu.ru
Klevtsov Denis Nikolaevich
Forestry Engineering Institute, Northern (Arctic) Federal University named after M.V. Lomonosov (Arkhangelsk, Russia)
е-mail: d.klevtsov@narfu.ru

Abstract

The paper studied seasonal dynamics of root system respiration in pine and spruce trees growing in northern taiga plant communities, depending on the moisture regime of the peat soil and on the light conditions in the stand. It was found that in marshy habitats, the roots of woody plants have the weakest respiration in June, when the root zone is under water. After the roots have been released from excess moisture, their respiration activates significantly. In spruce and birch blueberry forests, root respiration rate is relatively high during the growth of vegetative organs. The main environmental factor having the greatest effect on root respiration in these types of forests is soil temperature. Selective cutting facilitates soil warming up and stimulates root respiration.

Keywords

root respiration in spruce trees, root respiration in pine trees, forest growth conditions, plant communities of northern taiga
Download (pdf, 3MB )

References

  1. Val’ter O.A., Pinevich L.M., Varasova N.N. Praktikum po fiziologii rasteniy s osnovami biokhimii [Workshop on Plant Physiology with the Basics of Biochemistry]. Moscow, Leningrad, 1957. 341 p.
  2. Veretennikov A.V. Fiziologicheskie osnovy ustoychivosti drevesnykh rasteniy k vremennomu izbytku vlagi v pochve [Physiological Bases of Woody Plants’ Resistance to Temporary Excess Moisture in the Soil]. Moscow, 1968. 216 p.
  3. Veretennikov A.V., Konovalov V.N. Vliyanie osusheniya na intensivnost’ dykhaniya korney Picea abies (Pinacea abies Karst (Pinaceae) v el’nike osokovo-khvoshchevo-sfagnovom severnoy podzony taygi [The Influence of Drainage on Respiration Rate of Picea abies (Pinacea abies Karst (Pinaceae) Roots in Sedge-Horsetail-Sphagnum Spruce Forest of the Northern Taiga Subzone]. Botanicheskiy zhurnal, 1979, vol. 64, pp. 252–254.
  4. Konovalov V.N., Zarubina L.V. Biologicheskie osobennosti podrosta eli v bereznyakakh chernichnykh posle vyborochnykh rubok [Young Spruce Biological Peculiarities in Bilberry Birch Forests After Selective Cuttings]. Vestnik KrasGAU, 2011, no. 8, pp. 99–104.
  5. Konovalov V.N., Zarubina L.V. Vliyanie dozy azota pri podkormkakh na ottok 14C-assimilyatov u sosny v sosnyakakh lishaynikovykh [Impact of Nitrogen Dose on the 14C-Assimilates Outflow in Pine Trees at the Lichen Pine Forests]. Lesnoy zhurnal, 2012. no. 1, pp. 7–13.
  6. Konovalov V.N., Zarubina L.V. Ekologo-fiziologicheskie osobennosti khvoynykh na osushaemykh zemlyakh [Ecological and Physiological Features of Conifers on Drained Lands]. Arkhangelsk, 2010. 295 p.
  7. Konovalov V.N., Zarubina L.V. Ekologo-fiziologicheskie osobennosti khvoynykh na udobrennykh pochvakh [Ecological and Physiological Features of Conifers on Fertilized Soils]. Arkhangelsk, 2011. 338 p.
  8. Konovalov V.N., Listov A.A. Vliyanie usloviy mineral’nogo pitaniya na dykhanie korney sosny obyknovennoy [Influence of Mineral Nutrition Conditions on Scots Pine Root Respiration]. Lesnoy zhurnal, 1989, no. 4, pp. 15–19.
  9. Kursanov A.L. Transport assimilyatov v rastenii [Assimilate Transport in Plants]. Moscow, 1976. 647 p.
  10. Mamaev V.V. Sutochnye izmeneniya intensivnosti vydeleniya CO2 u kornevykh mochek sosny i berezy v prirodnykh usloviyakh [Daily Variations in Intensity of CO2 Emissions from Root Fibrils of Pine and Birch Trees in Natural Conditions]. Lesovedenie, 1983, no. 3, pp. 33–38.
  11. Menyaylo L.N. Gormonal’naya regulyatsiya ksilogeneza khvoynykh [Hormonal Regulation of Xylogenesis in Conifers]. Novosibirsk, 1987. 185 p.
  12. Obrucheva N.V. Fiziologicheskaya kharakteristika zon kornya [Physiological Characteristics of Root Zones]. Rol’ mineral’nykh elementov v obmene veshchestv i produktivnosti rasteniy [Role of Mineral Elements in Plant Metabolism and Productivity]. Moscow, 1964, pp. 259–265.
  13. Orlov A.Ya., Koshel’kov S.P. Pochvennaya ekologiya sosny [Soil Ecology of Pine Trees]. Moscow, 1971. 323 p.
  14. Rubin A.B., Germanova V.F. O sinteze pigmentov v kornyakh [On Pigment Synthesis in the Roots]. Doklady akademii nauk SSSR, 1959, vol. 124, no. 4, pp. 940–943.
  15. Sabinin D.A. Fiziologicheskie osnovy pitaniya rasteniy [Physiological Bases of Plant Nutrition]. Moscow, 1955. 474 p.
  16. Smolyak L.P., Reutskiy V.G. Ekologo-fiziologicheskie osnovy melioratsii lesnykh pochv [Ecological and Physiological Bases of Forest Soils Melioration]. Minsk, 1974. 200 p.
  17. Konovalov V.N., Vyalykh N.I., Konovalova L.V., et al. Ekologo-fiziologicheskoe obosnovanie rubok glavnogo pol’zovaniya v lesakh Evropeyskogo Severa [Environmental and Physiological Basis of Felling in Forests of the European North]. Antropogennoe vliyanie na evropeyskie taezhnye lesa Rossii [Man-Made Impact on the Taiga Forests of the European Part of Russian]. Arkhangelsk, 1994, pp. 38–52.
  18. Tsel’niker Yu.L. Dykhanie korney i ego rol’ v uglerodnom balanse drevostoya [Root Respiration and Its Role in Carbon Balance of Forest Stands]. Lesovedenie, 2005, no. 6, pp. 11–18.
  19. Mannerkoski H., Miyazawa T. Growth Disturbances and Needle and Soil Nutrient Contents in a NPK-Fertilized Scots Pine Plantation on a Drained Small-Sedge Bog. Communicationes Instituti Forestalis Fenniae, 1983, no. 116, pp. 85–91.
  20. Michniewicz M., Stopinska J. The Effect of Nitrogen Nutrition on Growth and on Plant Hormones Content in Scots Pine (Pinus silvestris L.) Seedlings Grown Under Light of Different Intensity. Acta Soc. Bot. Pol., 1980, vol. 45, no. 3, pp. 221–234.
  21. Michniewicz M., Stopinska J. The Effect of Potassium Nutrition on Growth and on Plant Hormones Content in Scots Pine (Pinus silvestris L.) Seedlings. Acta Soc. Bot. Pol., 1980, vol. 49, no. 3, pp. 235–244.