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The Contents of Mineral Elements in the Phytomass of Scots Pine and Balsam Poplar Wood in Arkhangelsk. P. 80–86

Версия для печати

Section: Biology

UDC

630.812+035.31

Authors

Tyukavina Ol’ga Nikolaevna
Institute of Natural Sciences and Technology, Northern (Arctic) Federal University named after M.V. Lomonosov (Arkhangelsk, Russia)
е-mail: tyukavina@agtu.ru
Kunnikov Fedor Aleksandrovich
Institute of Natural Sciences and Technology, Northern (Arctic) Federal University named after M.V. Lomonosov (Arkhangelsk, Russia)
е-mail: fdr1989@mail.ru

Abstract

Different natural components with a high content of the macro and micronutrient elements can serve as biomaterials for fertilizer compositions. Pine needles, small shoots, branches, Scots pine bark and poplar rotten wood contain vital macroelements. The samples of pine phytomass were collected in the middle-aged bilberry pine forest and balsam poplar samples – in Arkhangelsk. The content of inorganic elements in the poplar wood, pine needles, branches, pine bark was determined by the X-ray fluorescence analysis at the wavelength dispersive X-ray fluorescence spectrometer LabCenterXRF–1800. The percentage content of inorganic elements in pine phytomass decreases in the following order: pine needles, branches of the 1st and the 2nd year, bark. The percentage levels of the mineral elements in the rotten wood of poplar and pine needles are the same. The content of ash constituent in poplar rotten wood is 2.1 times higher than in pine needles. The highest content of iron, calcium, potassium, silicon, magnesium and sodium is noted in the poplar rotten wood. The highest content of nitrogen, phosphorus, sulfur, manganese is observed in pine needles. Tree bark contains more calcium and aluminum than branches. Therefore, the combined use of the biomaterials will provide the more complete fertilizing composition. The ratio of N:P:K for balsam poplar rotten wood is 69:2:36; for pine needles is 69:4:10; for pine branches is 69:4:16; for pine bark is 69:3:11. Thus, all pine samples have a phosphorus deficiency and reduced potassium content. The fertilizer composition combining poplar rotten wood and pine phytomass should be added by source of phosphorus.

Keywords

mineral elements, Scots pine, balsam poplar (Populus balsamifera), rotten wood
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