Address: office 1410a, 17 Naberezhnaya Severnoy Dviny, Arkhangelsk, 163002, Russian Federation, Northern (Arctic) Federal University named after M.V. Lomonosov

Phone: (818-2) 21-61-21
E-mail: vestnik_est@narfu.ru
http://aer.narfu.ru/en/

ABOUT

Current State of Water Biological Resources of the Northern Dvina River. P. 90–99

Версия для печати

Section: Biology

UDC

574.58(28)

Authors

Novoselov Aleksandr Pavlovich
Northern Branch of Knipovich Polar Research Institute of Marine Fisheries and Oceanography Uritskiy str., 17, Arkhangelsk, 163002, Russian Federation; Arkhangelsk Scientific Centre, Ural Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences Sadovaya str., 3, Arkhangelsk, 163018, Russian Federation;
e-mail: novoselov@pinro.ru
Studenov Igor’ Ivanovich
Knipovich Polar Research Institute of Marine Fisheries and Oceanography Akademik Knipovich str., 6, Murmansk, 183038, Russian Federation; Arkhangelsk Scientific Centre, Ural Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences; Uritskiy str., 17, Arkhangelsk, 163002, Russian Federation;
e-mail: studenov@pinro.ru
Lukin Anatoliy Aleksandrovich
State Research Institute of Lake and River Fisheries Naberezhnaya Makarova, 26, St. Petersburg, 199053, Russian Federation;
e-mail: alukin@inbox.ru

Abstract

As a result of impact of natural and anthropogenic factors in the Northern Dvina River ecosystem some serai changes have occurred both at the population and organismic levels of the organization. They appeared in the form of cross-border movements of fish migration, reduction the number and resources of commercial species, deterioration of the epizootic situation in a reservoir, and abnormalities in the organismic level (serious irreversible violations of morpho-functional organization of organs and tissues). Currently, new species of fish appeared in the basin of the river of interest: pike perch, whiteeye and asp. Their natural habitat includes the Caspian and Baltic Seas. Prolonged exposure of a wide range of anthropogenic factors has led to a decrease in the overall level of production processes in the river ecosystem, causing the population-level changes in the structure of commercial catches, and especially of the valuable fish species of the salmon and whitefish complex (Atlantic salmon, whitefish, white salmon). Along with the deterioration of the salmon and whitefish populations, there are changes in the structure of the fishing community in the Severodvinsk basin. Over the past half-century in fact there was a change of dominated in catches salmon and whitefish complex to carp fish. At the organismic level many fish violations (necrotic processes, neoplasia) are classified as irreversible when the restoration of the structure and functions is impossible. However, parallely developing hypertrophy, hyperplasia, encapsulation are the structural and functional basis of compensatory-adaptive reactions. These reactions allow the body to move to a new performance level, and provide an opportunity to survive in a toxic environment.

Keywords

state of fish resources, serai fish fauna changes, population and organismic levels of organization, the European North of Russia
Download (pdf, 5MB )

References

  1. Grosval’d M.G. Pokrovnye ledniki kontinental’nykh shel’fov [Cover Glaciers of the Continental Shelves]. Moscow, 1983. 216 p.
  2. Kvasov D.D. Pozdnechetvertichnaya istoriya krupnykh ozer i vnutrennikh morey Vo-stochnoy Evropy [Late Quaternary History of Large Lakes and Inland Seas of the Eastern Europe]. Leningrad, 1975. 278 p.
  3. Novoselov A.P. Izmeneniya rybnoy chasti soobshchestva r. Severnoy Dviny v me-nyayushchikhsya klimaticheskikh usloviyakh [Changes in the Fish Community of the Northern Dvina River in the Changing Climatic Conditions]. Global’nye klimaticheskie protsessy i ikh vliyanie na ekosistemy Arkticheskikh i Subarkticheskikh regionov: tez. dokl. mezhdunar. nauchnoy. konf., g. Murmansk, 9−11 noyabrya 2011 goda [Global Climate Processes and Their Impact on the Ecosystems of Arctic and Subarctic Regions: Thes. Intern. Sci. Conf., Murmansk, 9–11 November, 2011]. Apatity, 2011, pp. 138−140.
  4. Novoselov A.P. Osnovnye faktory antropogennogo vozdeystviya na vodnye ekosistemy Arkhangel’skoy oblasti [Basic Factors of Anthropogenic Impact on the Aquatic Ecosystems of Arkhangelsk Region]. Ustoychivoe razvitie Severo- Zapada Rossii: resursno-ekologicheskie problemy i puti ikh resheniya [Sustainable Development of the Northwest of Russia: Resource and Environmental Problems and Their Solutions]. Moscow, 2002, pp. 26−28.
  5. Novoselov A.P., Studenov I.I. Faktory tekhnogennogo vozdeystviya na basseyn reki Severnaya Dvina [Factors of Anthropogenic Impact on the Northern Dvina River Basin]. Vestnik Severnogo (Arkticheskogo) federal’nogo universiteta. Ser.: Estestvennye nauki, 2014, no. 2, pp. 32−40.
  6. Novoselov A.P. Biologicheskoe raznoobrazie ikhtiofauny basseyna r. Severnoy Dviny [Biological Diversity of Fish Fauna of the Northern Dvina River Basin]. Ekologicheskie problemy basseynov krupnykh rek–3 [Ecological Problems of the Major River Basins–3]. Togliatti, 2003, p. 204.
  7. Novoselov A.P. K voprosu o poyavlenii chuzherodnykh vidov ryb v basseyne Belogo morya [Revisiting the Appearance of Alien Fish Species in the White Sea Basin]. Biologicheskie resursy Belogo morya i vnutrennikh vodoemov evropeyskogo Severa [Biological Resources of the White Sea and the Inland Waters of the European North]. Syktyvkar, 2003, p. 61.
  8. ASLO 2000. Ocean Sciences Meeting, San Antonio, TX, 24–28 January 2000.
  9. Novoselov A.P., Studenov I.I. O poyavlenii kaspiyskikh vidov beloglazki Abramis sapa (Pallas, 1814) i zherekha Aspius aspius (Linnaeus, 1758) v basseyne r. Severnoy Dviny [The Appearance of the Caspian White-Eye Species Abramis sapa (Pallas, 1814) and Asp Aspius aspius (Linnaeus, 1758) in the Northern Dvina River Basin]. Voprosy ikhtiologii [Journal of Ichthyology], 2002, vol. 42, no. 8, pp. 615−622.
  10. Novoselov A.P., Fefilova L.F., Elovenko V.N. Biologicheskie parametry i pitanie rotana Percottus Glenii Dybowski, 1877, sluchayno vselennogo v oz. Plesetskoe (Arkhangel’skaya oblast’) [Biological Parameters and Nutrition of Rotan Percottus Glenii Dybowski, 1877, Accidentally Breeded in the Plesetskoe Lake (Arkhangelsk Region)]. Chuzherodnye vidy v Golarktike (Borok-2): tez. dokl. Vtorogo mezhdunarodnogo simpoziuma po izucheniyu invaziynykh vidov, Borok Yaroslavskoy oblasti, 27 sentyabrya – 1 oktyabrya 2005 goda [Alien Species in the Holarctic (Borok-2): Thes. II Intern. Symp. on the Study of Invasive Species. Borok, Yaroslavl Region, 27 September – 1 October, 2005]. Rybinsk–Borok, 2005, pp. 159−160.
  11. Novoselov A.P. Studenov I.I. O pitanii i pishchevykh vzaimootnosheniyakh samorasselivsheysya beloglazki Abramis sapa (Pallas, 1814) i aborigennogo siga Coregonus lavaretus (Linnaeus, 1758) v basseyne r. Severnoy Dviny [On Nutrition and Food Relationship of Self-Breeded White-Eye Abramis sapa (Pallas, 1814) and Native Whitefish Coregonus lavaretus (Linnaeus, 1758) in the Northern Dvina River Basin]. Estestvennye i invaziynye protsessy formirovaniya bioraznoobraziya vodnykh i nazemnykh ekosistem [Natural and Invasive Processes of the Biodiversity Formation of Aquatic and Terrestrial Ecosystems]. Rostov-on-Don, 2007, pp. 232−234.
  12. Lukin A.A. Patologii ryb kak indikator kachestva vod Kol’skogo Severa [A Fish Pathology as an Indicator of Water Quality in the Kola Peninsula]. Problemy khimicheskogo i biokhimicheskogo monitoringa ekologicheskogo sostoyaniya vodnykh ob”ektov Kol’skogo Severa [Problems of Chemical and Biochemical Monitoring of the Ecological Status of Water Bodies in the Kola North]. Apatity, 1995, pp. 105−119.
  13. Lukin A.A., Moiseenko T.I. Metod patologo-morfologicheskoy otsenki sostoyaniya organizma lososevykh i sigovykh ryb [Method of Pathological and Morphological Assessment of the Body State of Salmon and Whitefish]. Antropogennoe vozdeystvie na prirodu Se-vera i ego ekologicheskie posledstviya [The Anthropogenic Impact on the Nature of the North and Its Environmental Consequences]. Apatity, 1996, pp. 205−211.
  14. Paukov V.S., Khitrov N.K. Patologiya [Pathology]. Moscow, 1999. 345 p.
  15. Matey V.E. Zhabry presnovodnykh kostistykh ryb: Morfofunktsional’naya or-ganizatsiya, adaptatsiya, evolyutsiya [The Gills of Freshwater Bony Fishes: Morphofunctional Organization, Adaptation, Evolution]. Saint Petersburg, 1996. 204 p.
  16. Gorbachev S.A., Viktorov Yu.A., Pestova N.V., Ivanov N.O., Kilezhenko V.P., Plotitsyna N.F., Golubeva T.A. Otsenka ushcherba, nanosimogo rybnym zapasam khozyaystvennoy deyatel’nost’yu v basseyne Severnoy Dviny [Damage Assessment of Fish Resources by the Economic Activities in the Northern Dvina River Basin]. Kompleksnye problemy okhrany i ratsional’nogo ispol’zovaniya vodnykh resursov Evropeyskogo Severa na primere rek Severo- Dvinskogo basseyna [Complex Issues of Protection and Rational Use of Water Resources of the European North in the Example of the Rivers of the Northern Dvina Basin]. Arkhangelsk, 1988, pp. 122−124.
  17. Novoselov A.P., Koz’min A.K. Adaptivnoe izmenenie chislennosti osnovnykh promyslovykh ryb Severodvinskogo i Onezhskogo basseynov [Adaptive Changes in the Number of Major Commercial Fish in the Severodvinsk and Onega Basin]. Ekologicheskie problemy regiona i osnovnye napravleniya ratsional’nogo prirodopol’zovaniya, rasshirennogo vosproizvodstva prirodnykh resursov [Ecological Problems of the Region and the Basic Areas of the Environmental Management, Expansion of the First Reproduction of Natural Resources]. Arkhangelsk, 1991, pp. 123−125.