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Zoogeographical Characteristic of Carabidae of the European North-East of Russia. P. 61–79

Версия для печати

Section: Biology

UDC

631.468:[591.5+591.9](470.13)

Authors

Kolesnikova Alla Anatol’evna
Institute of Biology of the Komi Science Centre of the Ural Division of the Russian Academy of Sciences
Kommunisticheskaya str., 28, Syktyvkar, 167982, Russian Federation;
е-mail: kolesnikova@ib.komisc.ru
Dolgin Modest Mikhaylovich
Institute of Biology of the Komi Science Centre of the Ural Division of the Russian Academy of Sciences
Kommunisticheskaya str., 28, Syktyvkar, 167982, Russian Federation;
 е-mail: mdolgin@ib.komisc.ru
Konakova Tat’yana Nikolaevna
Institute of Biology of the Komi Science Centre of the Ural Division of the Russian Academy of Sciences
Kommunisticheskaya str., 28, Syktyvkar, 167982, Russian Federation;
е-mail: konakova@ib.komisc.ru

Abstract

The literature and original data about 224 species of Carabidae were used for the zoogeographical characteristic of their fauna on the European North-East of Russia. In accordance with the division the Carabidae of the European North-East of Russia belong to 18 geographical groups of two complexes. Boreal and arctoboreal species prevail in the Holarctic complex, species with polyzonal and boreal distribution dominate in the Palaearctic complex. European-Siberian and transpalearctic species predominate in the middle and northern taiga, Holarctic species – in the extremely northern taiga. The equal amount of Holarctic, Palaearctic and European-Siberian species was revealed in the forest tundra and southern tundra. The number of species distributed in Europe and Siberia was decreased in the northern tundra. The role of Holarctic species was increased in the Northern Ural and the share of Palaearctic species – in the Polar Urals. Changes in the ratio of latitudial groups were only revealed for the even land. The composition of latitudial groups is diverse in the middle taiga, where the polyzonal and boreal species prevail. The share of nemoral and boreal groups was decreased in the northern taiga. The share of the Arctic-boreal species is similar to that in the middle taiga. More than a half of Carabidae fauna in the extremely northern taiga was presented by species with polyzonal distribution. Such species and also species with boreal distribution prevail in the forest tundra and southern tundra. In the forest and southern tundra the polyzonal and boreal species dominate, the proportion of Arcticboreal species remains the same as in the taiga zone. The decreasing of abundance of species of Carabidae in the northern tundra is followed by the absence of a half of polyzonal and boreal species. In the considered mountain areas the ratio of latitudinal groups is the same, but in transition from the Northern and Nether-Polar Urals to the Polar Urals the number of Arctic species is doubled. The role of arctic species of Carabidae increases at the northern destination not only in the mountains but also on the plane.

Keywords

zoogeographical composition of ground beetles, longitudial groups, latitudial groups, zonal gradient, European North-East of Russia
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