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Conservation and Sustainable Management of the Agricultural Landscapes in the Kargopolsky Sector of Kenozersky National Park. P. 40–47

Версия для печати

Section: Geosciences

UDC

911.52/53:630*91

Authors

Tretyakov Sergey Vasilyevich
Forestry Engineering Institute, Northern (Arctic) Federal University named after M.V. Lomonosov (Arkhangelsk, Russia)
e-mail: s.v.tretyakov@narfu.ru
Koptev Sergey Victorovich
Forestry Engineering Institute, Northern (Arctic) Federal University named after M.V. Lomonosov (Arkhangelsk, Russia)
e-mail: koptev@narfu.ru
Neverov Nikolay Alexandrovich
Federal State Organization «National Park «Kenozersky», Institute of Ecological Problems of the North, Ural Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences (Arkhangelsk, Russia)
e-mail: na-neverov@yandex.ru
Novikova Nadezhda Sergeevna
Forestry Engineering Institute, Northern (Arctic) Federal University named after M.V. Lomonosov; Forest Technical College named after the Peter the Great (Arkhangelsk, Russia)
e-mail: n.ilina@narfu.ru

Abstract

Conservation of natural and agricultural landscapes is one of the priority activities of Kenozersky National Park (hereinafter - Park). The landscapes are not stable and constantly change under the influence of the external factors. Landscape dynamics occurs by the certain regularities, which are illustrative of the development of the natural forest ecosystems, as well as modified by human activity plantations. The processes in the ecosystem are complex, and require constant monitoring, as the loss of the certain landscapes can significantly impoverish the structure of the natural objects of the Park. Many landscapes have been shaped over the centuries. To ensure the diversity of the natural and cultural landscapes it’s necessary to manage with these developments. The preservation of the agricultural landscapes of the Park requires less material expenses, than to restore them. Nevertheless, some of the landscapes were lost because of the changing of the social and economic living conditions of the rural population. For landscapes preservation it is important to study them, evaluate dynamics of development. To characterize the growth of woody plants at the open areas of former agricultural fields some model trees of birch and alder were inspected and it was established that for the period of 7-10 years they reached a height of 3,5 m. So, within a decade the open areas can turn into the forested territory. The projected amount of work is the minimum that one must perform for the sustainable management of Malselgsko-Guzhevsky cultural landscape complex.

Keywords

conservation of agricultural landscapes, landscape dynamics, process of the territory overgrowing, landscape fellings
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References

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