Founder: Northern (Arctic) Federal University named after M.V. Lomonosov

Editorial office address: Russian Federation, 163002, Arkhangelsk, Naberezhnaya Severnoy Dviny 17, office 1410a

Phone: (818-2) 21-61-00(15-33)
e-mail: l.zhgileva@narfu.ru
http://aer.narfu.ru/en/

16+

ABOUT

Surface Water Stability to the Anthropogenic Effect in Tundra and Forest Tundra in Western Siberia. С. 36–46

Версия для печати

Section: Biology

Authors

Oleg G. Savichev*, Yuliya A. Moiseeva*
*Tomsk Polytechnic University (Tomsk, Russian Federation)

Abstract

The analysis of ecological and geochemical state of surface water in tundra and forest tundra in Western Siberia and their stability to the anthropogenic effect associated with the pollutants in sewage disposal is carried out. The river, lake and swamp waters are selected as the objects of the study: 1) the interfluve of the Taz and Yenisei rivers; 2) the eastern parts of the Gulf of Ob and Hadutte River catchment areas, which flow into the Taz Bay; 3) the left bank of the Ob River wellhead area and the interfluve of the left bank tributaries of the Ob River and the rivers flowing into the Baydaratskaya Bay. The materials of hydrochemical investigations carried out in the Tomsk Polytechnic University in 2008– 2015, with the participation of the authors of the paper, and the published data of other researchers are considered as the initial information. The chemical composition of the river, lake and marsh waters of the region is formed mainly during the natural processes and is characterized by the high values of COD (chemical oxygen demand) (14…27 mg O/dm3), concentrations of phenols (0.004…0.010 mg/dm3), NH+ 4  (0.2…0.6 mg N/dm3), Fe (0.25…1.0 mg/dm3), Mn (0.052…0.140 mg/dm3) and a number of other substances. The allowable concentrations of pollutants in wastewaters formed in the hydrocarbon production are calculated. The anthropogenic impact on the ecological and geochemical state of surface water bodies is mainly limited by local areas and is demonstrated in a certain increase of mineral content, concentrations of oil products, Na+, Cl-. A statistically significant increase in the local content of dissolved inorganic substances is possible not only with the increasing of the anthropogenic load, but also with the essential modifications in the hydrological and climatic conditions.

Keywords

surface water pollution resistance, chemical composition of surface water, surface water quality, Western Siberia
Download (pdf, 1.6MB )

References

  1. Solntseva N.P. Dobycha nefti i geokhimiya prirodnykh landshaftov [Production of Oil and Geochemistry of Natural Landscapes]. Moscow, 1998. 376 p. 
  2. Bring A., Destouni G. Hydrological and Hydrochemical Observation Status in the Pan-Arctic Drainage Basin. Polar Research, 2009, vol. 28, pp. 327–338. 
  3. Savichev O.G., Kolesnichenko L.G., Saifulina E.V. The Ecologo-Geochemical State of Water Bodies in the Taz- Yenisei Interfluve. Geography and Natural Resources, 2011, vol. 32, no. 4, pp. 333–336. 
  4. Savichev O.G. Regional’nye osobennosti khimicheskogo sostava rechnykh vod Sibiri i ikh uchet pri normirovanii sbrosov stochnykh vod [Regional Peculiarities of Chemical Composition of Siberian Sewage and Taking Such Peculiarities into Account in the Standardization of Sewage Disposal]. Voda: khimiya i ekologiya [Water: Chemistry and Ecology], 2014, no. 1, pp. 41–46. 
  5. Griva G.I. Geoekologicheskie usloviya razrabotki gazovykh mestorozhdeniy Yamala [Geoecological Conditions of Development of Gas Fields in Yamal]. Tomsk, 2005. 352 p. 
  6. Moskovchenko D.V. Geokhimiya landshaftov severa Zapadno-Sibirskoy ravniny: strukturno-funktsional’naya organizatsiya veshchestva geosistem i problemy ekodiagnostiki: avtoref. dis. ... d-ra geogr. nauk [Geochemistry of Landscapes of the North of the West Siberian Plain: the Structural and Functional Organization of Geosystems Substance and the Eco-Diagnostics Problems: Dr. Geogr. Sci. Diss. Abs.]. Saint Petersburg, 2010. 33 p. 
  7. Guseva N.V., Kopylova Yu.G. Khimicheskiy sostav prirodnykh vod mezhdurech’ya rr. Yun’yakhi i Enzor’yakhi (vostochnyy sklon Polyarnogo Urala) [Geochemical Composition of Natural Waters in the Interfluve of the Yun’yakhi and the Enzor’yakhi (Eastern Slope of the Polar Urals)]. Vestnik Tomskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta [Tomsk State University Journal], 2009, no. 327, pp. 224–228. 
  8. Guseva N.V., Kopylova Yu.G., Khvashchevskaya A.A. Geochemical Types of Natural Waters in the Interfluve of the Enzor’yakhi and the Yun’yakhi (Eastern Slope of the Polar Urals). Water Resources, 2013, vol. 40, no. 4, pp. 417–425. 
  9. Nechaeva E.G. Landshaftno-geokhimicheskoe rayonirovanie Zapadno-Sibirskoy ravniny [Landscape and Geochemical Zoning of the West Siberian Plain]. Geografiya i prirodnye resursy [Geography and Natural Resources], 1990, no. 4, pp. 77–83. 
  10. Shvartsev S.L. Geochemistry of Fresh Groundwater in the Main Landscape Zones of the Earth. Geochemistry International, 2008, vol. 46, no. 13, pp. 1285–1398. 
  11. Pokrovsky O.S., Shirokova L.S., Kirpotin S.N., Audry S., Viers J., Dupré B. Effect of Permafrost Thawing on Organic Carbon and Trace Element Colloidal Speciation in the Thermokarst Lakes of Western Siberia. Biogeosciences, 2011, vol. 8, pp. 565–583. 
  12. Holmes R.M., McClelland J.W., Peterson B.J., Tank S.E., Bulygina E., Eglinton T.I., Gordeev V.V., Gurtovaya T.Y., Raymond P.A., Repeta D.J., Staples R., Striegl R.G., Zhulidov A.V., Zimov S.A. Seasonal and Annual Fluxes of Nutrients and Organic Matter from Large Rivers to the Arctic Ocean and Surrounding Seas. Estuaries and Coasts, 2012, vol. 35, no. 2, pp. 369–382. 
  13. Manasypov R.M., Pokrovsky O.S., Kirpotin S.N., Shirokova L.S. Thermokarst Lake Waters Across the Permafrost Zones of Western Siberia. The Cryosphere, 2014, vol. 8, pp. 1177–1193. 
  14. Yastrebov A.A. Otsenka geoekologicheskikh usloviy neftegazodobychi Nadym-Purskoy i Pur-Tazovskoy neftegazonosnykh provintsiy: avtoref. dis. … kand. geol.-mineral. nauk [Assessment of Geo-Ecological Conditions of Oil and Gas Production in the Nadym-Pursk and Pur-Taz Oil and Gas Provinces: Cand. Geol.-Mineral Sci. Diss. Abs.]. Moscow, 2014. 25 p. 
  15. Metodicheskie osnovy otsenki antropogennogo vliyaniya na kachestvo poverkhnostnykh vod [Methodical Bases of an Estimation of Anthropogenic Impact on the Surface Waters Quality]. Ed. by A.V. Karaushev. Leningrad, 1981. 174 p. 
  16. Savichev O.G., Matveenko I.A. Evaluation of Chemical Composition Changes of Surface Water in Boguchan Reservoir (Siberia, Russia). Hydrological Sciences Journal, 2013, vol. 58, no. 3, pp. 706–715. 
  17. Benedini M., Tsakiris G. Water Quality Modelling for Rivers and Streams. Dordrecht, 2013. 288 p. 
  18. Kuzin P.S., Babkin V.I. Geograficheskie zakonomernosti gidrologicheskogo rezhima rek [Geographic Patterns of the Hydrological Regime of Rivers]. Leningrad, 1979. 200 p. 
  19. Resursy poverkhnostnykh vod SSSR. T. 15. Altay i Zapadnaya Sibir’. Vyp. 3. Nizhniy Irtysh i Nizhnyaya Ob’ [Surface Water Resources of the USSR. Vol. 15. Altai and Western Siberia. Iss. 3. Lower Irtysh and Lower Ob]. Ed. by V.E. Vodogretskiy. Leningrad, 1973. 423 p. 
  20. Resursy poverkhnostnykh vod SSSR. T. 16. Angaro-Eniseyskiy rayon. Vyp. 1. Enisey [Surface Water Resources of the USSR. Vol. 16. Angara-Yenisei Region. Iss. 1. Yenisei]. Ed. by A.P. Muranov. Leningrad, 1973. 723 p. 
  21. Alekin O.A. Osnovy gidrokhimii [Basics of Hydrochemistry]. Leningrad, 1953. 295 p. 
  22. Liss O.L., Abramova L.I., Avetov N.A., Berezina N.A., Inisheva L.I., Kurnishkova T.V., Sluka Z.A., Tolpysheva T.Yu., Shvedchikova N.K. Bolotnye sistemy Zapadnoy Sibiri i ikh prirodookhrannoe znachenie [Bog Systems of Western Siberia and Their Environmental Significance]. Ed. by V.B. Kuvaev. Tula, 2001. 584 p. 
  23. Ivanov K.E. Vodoobmen v bolotnykh landshaftakh [Water Exchange in the Marsh Landscapes]. Leningrad, 1975. 285 p. 
  24. Savichev O.G. Influence of the Interactions within the Water – Earth Materials System on the Formation of River Water Composition in the Ob Basin. Geography and Natural Resources, 2009, vol. 30(2), pp. 161–166.