Founder: Northern (Arctic) Federal University named after M.V. Lomonosov

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e-mail: l.zhgileva@narfu.ru
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Butterfly Local Faunas (Lepidoptera: Rhopalocera) of the European North of Russia: the North of Yugorsky Peninsula (Amderma) and Vaygach Island. P. 48–60

Версия для печати

Section: Biology

UDC

595.789

Authors

Vlasova Alisa Andreevna
Institute of Ecological Problems of the North, Ural Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences (Arkhangelsk, Russia)
e-mail: vlasowaalisa@yandex
Bolotov Ivan Nikolaevich
Institute of Ecological Problems of the North, Ural Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences (Arkhangelsk, Russia)
e-mail: inepras@yandex.ru
Gofarov Mikhail Yurievich
Institute of Ecological Problems of the North, Ural Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences (Arkhangelsk, Russia)
e -mail: zubr3@yandex.ru
Zubriy Natalya Andreevna
Institute of Ecological Problems of the North, Ural Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences (Arkhangelsk, Russia)
e-mail: 9052930111@mail.ru
Filippov Boris Yurievich
Northern (Arctic) Federal University named after M.V. Lomonosov (Arkhangelsk, Russia)
e-mail: fby@yandex.ru
Frolov Artem Alexandrovich
Institute of Ecological Problems of the North, Ural Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences (Arkhangelsk, Russia)
e-mail: af.atgc@gmail.com
Akimova Irina Alexandrovna
Northern (Arctic) Federal University named after M.V. Lomonosov (Arkhangelsk, Russia)
e-mail: irina-bochneva@yandex.ru

Abstract

During the summer periods of 2010, 2012 and 2013 the composition of the local fauna of butterflies and butterflies of typical arctic tundra of Yugorsky Peninsula and the Vaygach island was studied. In the north of the Yugorsky Peninsula (settlement Amderma) 8 species of butterflies were found, in the northern part of the island Vaygach - 4 species. The most numerous were the Arctic Boloria chariclea near Amderma and B. alaskensis on Vaygach. Actually the arctic species accounted only one third of the list of species of the local fauna of butterflies. Characteristic features of the local Lepidoptera fauna are associated with the relatively poor structure and lack of Erebia species. It’s possible that the low number of species depends on the coastal position of the studied areas. In the local faunas there is a significant number of immigrant species. Migratory species from the south are most widely represented in the local fauna of Amderma. Nymphalis xanthomelas and Aporia crataegi are relatively frequently encountered. Some connections between the visiting migrant species in the High Arctic and their mass reproduction in the southern regions of Russia, due to the modern climate change, were established. The peak number of flying Lepidoptera near Amderma in 2012 fell at the third decade of July, and at the Vaygach island in 2013 - at the second decade of July. In the phenological aspect the migrant species appear earlier than the local species. However, their presence should be considered as the immigration of the individual species beyond the northern border of their successful migrations. Due to the wide presence of the immigrant species the considered faunas in their composition should be regarded as dynamic.

Keywords

Arctic fauna, Yugorsky Peninsula, butterflies (Lepidoptera), migrant species, climate change
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