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Use of Drones for Monitoring of Marine Fauna Objects. P. 130–133

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Section: Physics. Mathematics. Informatics

UDC

502.057+519.711.3

Authors

Shilova Natalya aleksandrovna,
Institute of Mathematics, Information and Space Technologies, Northern (Arctic) Federal University named after M.V.Lomonosov
e-mail: n.shilova@narfu.ru
Danilov Alexander Aleksandrovich,
Institute of Mathematics, Information and Space Technologies, Northern (Arctic) Federal University named after M.V.Lomonosov
e-mail: alex.danilov@narfu.ru

Abstract

Organization of inventory of marine mammal populations is one of the most urgent problems, as it is directly related to the forecasting of the number of specimens in the population. The forecasting is considered from the perspective of the researcher, who organizes the inventory, and a developer of computational algorithms for processing monitoring data in real-time. Aerotaxation as one of the traditional monitoring methods is not effective, and the alternative means of monitoring of marine fauna are considered now, such as ultralight aviation and drones. First, they mitigate the risk of the monitoring staff of research institutions and give the ability of shooting at low altitudes and near the objects of study. Second, the rapid development of information technology and high-performance computing allow transmit and process information in real-time. The article discusses the problems and methods of control of drones for example a quadcopter (UAV with four rotors) for tracking and monitoring the objects of marine fauna. A mathematical model of a drone motion with respect to the fixed coordinate system is developed. The application of drones and their advantages over conventional manned aircrafts as well as the advantages of quadcopters over drones are demonstrated.

Keywords

marine mammal populations, monitoring methods, use of drones, mathemalical model of quadcopter motion
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