Founder: Northern (Arctic) Federal University named after M.V. Lomonosov

Editorial office address: Russian Federation, 163002, Arkhangelsk, Naberezhnaya Severnoy Dviny 17, office 1410a

Phone: (818-2) 21-61-00(15-33)



Bombus (Pyrobombus) jonellus (Kirby, 1802) in the north-western Russian Plain: its distribution and ecology. P. 1–9

Версия для печати

Section: Biology


595.799:574.32 (98)




GS Potapov1, YuS Kolosova1
1 N. Laverov Federal Center for Integrated Arctic Research, Russian Academy of Sciences (Arkhangelsk, Russian Federation)
Corresponding author: Grigory Potapov (


The fauna and ecology of bumblebees in the European North are quite well-studied. However, there is a scarcity of information about the distribution and ecology of certain species of bumblebees, especially for the territory of Northern Russia. In this study, we summarised materials concerning Bombus (Pyrobombus) jonellus (Kirby, 1802), which is typical bumblebee species for the north-western portion of the Russian Plain and surrounding areas. The studied territory includes the Arkhangelsk Region and the western part of the Nenets Autonomous District, i.e. a wide strip from taiga to tundra ecosystems. Due to the studies of materials that were collected over a period 17 years, we established that B. jonellus is widely distributed and the northern border of its range within the studied region reaches the northern part of the Kanin Peninsula. In the north-western Russian Plain, B. jonellus has been found in various types of habitats, the most common being coniferous and birch forests, secondary meadows and ruderal patches. In the Solovetsky Islands, White Sea, Russia, B. jonellus is typical on coastal heathlands. In the northern part of the studied region, B. jonellus has a tendency to forage in open habitats and visits a wide range of entomophilous plants, mostly of the family Ericaceae. Our findings highlight that the territory of the north-western Russian Plain and surrounding areas is where B. jonellus is widely distributed and abundant, being recorded in different types of habitats.


Bumblebees, European North of Russia, species range, habitat preference
Download (pdf, 2.3MB )


  1. Alford DV (1975) Bumblebees. Davis-Poynter, London, 325 pp.
  2. Bäckman JP, Tiainen J (2002) Habitat quality of field margins in a Finnish farmland area for bumblebees (Hymenoptera: Bombus and Psithyrus). Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment 89: 53–68.
  3. Bey-Bienko GY (1966) General entomology. Vysshaya shkola, Moscow, 496 pp.
  4. Bolotov IN, Kolosova YuS (2006) Trends in the formation of biotopic complexes of bumblebees (Hymenoptera, Apidae: Bombini) in the northern taiga karst landscapes of the Western Russian Plain. Russian Journal of Ecology 37(3): 156–166.
  5. Bolotov IN, Kolosova YuS, Podbolotskaya MV, Potapov GS, Grishchenko IV (2013) Mechanism of density compensation in island bumblebee assemblages (Hymenoptera, Apidae, Bombus) and the notion of reserve compensatory species. Biology Bulletin 40(3): 318–328. S1062359013030035
  6. Douglas JM (1973) Double generations of Bombus jonellus subborealis Rich. (Hym. Apidae) in an Artic summer. Entomologica Scandinavica 4: 283–284. https://doi. org/10.1163/187631273X00246
  7. Dylewska M (1996) Nasze trzmiele. Ośrodek Doradztwa Rolniczego, Karniowice, 256 pp.
  8. Falk S, Lewington R (2017) Field guide of the bees of Great Britain and Ireland. Bloomsbury, London, 432 pp.
  9. Filippov NY (2014) Diversity and ecology of bumblebees (Hymenoptera, Apidae, Bombus Latr.) in the European NorthEast of Russia. PhD thesis, Syktyvkar, Russia: Institute of Biology of Komi Scientific Centre of the Ural Branch of the RAS.
  10. Isachenko AG (1995) Physical and geographical characteristics of the region. In: Frolov AK (Chief Editor) State of the environment of the North-Western and Northern regions of Russia. Nauka, Saint-Petersburg, 7–30.
  11. Iserbyt S (2009) La faune des bourdons (Hymenoptera: Apidae) du Parc National des Pyrénées occidentales et des zones adjacentes. Annales de la Société entomologique de France (N.S.) 45(2): 217–244. 9.10697603
  12. Kolosova YuS, Potapov GS (2011) Bumblebees (Hymenoptera, Apidae) in the forest-tundra and tundra of Northeast Europe. Entomological Review 91(7): 830–836. https://doi. org/10.1134/S0013873811070049
  13. Kolosova YuS, Potapov GS, Podbolotskaya MV (2012) Seasonal dynamics in populations of bumblebees (Hymenoptera, Apidae: Bombus) in the northern taiga. Vestnik Severnogo (Arkticheskogo) federalnogo universtiteta. Seria estestvennye nauki 1: 71–76.
  14. Kratochwil A (2016) Review of the Icelandic bee fauna (Hymenoptera: Apoidea: Anthophila). Stuttgarter Beiträge zur Naturkunde A, Neue Serie 9: 217–227. https://doi. org/10.18476/sbna.v9.a14
  15. Levchenko TV, Tomkovich KP (2014) Contribution to the bee fauna (Hymenoptera: Apiformes) of the Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Region, Western Siberia, Russia. Entomofauna: Zeitschrift für Entomologie 35(5): 85–100.
  16. Lhomme P, Hines HM (2019) Ecology and evolution of cuckoo bumblebees. Annals of the Entomological Society of America 112(3): 122–140.
  17. Løken A (1973) Studies of Scandinavian bumblebees (Hymenoptera, Apidae). Norsk Entomologisk Tidsskrift 20(1): 1–218.
  18. Løken A (1984) Scandinavian species of the genus Psithyrus Lepeletier (Hymenoptera, Apidae). Entomologica Scandinavica 23: 1–45.
  19. Meidell O (1968) Bombus jonellus (Kirby) (Hym., Apidae) has two generations in a season. Norsk Entomologisk Tidsskrift 14(1): 31–32.
  20. Panfilov DV (1957) Bumblebees (Bombidae) of the Moscow Region. Uchenye zapiski Moskovskogo gorodskogo pedagogicheskogo instituta imeni V.P. Potemkina 65: 191–219.
  21. Panfilov DV (1978) Key to species of the Family Apidae – Bees. Key to insects of the European Part of the USSR. Nauka, Leningrad 3(1): 508–519.
  22. Parinova TA, Nakvasina EN, Sidorova OV (2014) Meadows of the island floodplain in the delta of the North Dvina River. Northern (Arctic) Federal University, Arkhangelsk, 146 pp.
  23. Parkkinen S, Paukkunen J, Teräs I (2018) Suomen kimalaiset. Docendo Oy, Jyväskylä, 176 pp.
  24. Pekkarinen A, Teräs I, Viramo J, Paatela J (1981) Distribution of bumblebees (Hymenoptera, Apidae: Bombus and Psithyrus) in eastern Fennoscandia. Notulae Entomologiсae 61: 71–89.
  25. Potapov GS, Kolosova YuS (2016) Fauna of bumblebees (Hymenoptera: Apidae: Bombus Latr.) in the mainland part of Arkhangelsk Region, NW Russia. Annales de la Société entomologique de France (N.S.) 52(3): 150–160.
  26. Potapov GS, Kolosova YuS (2018) Distribution and habitat preference of Bombus (Kallobombus) soroeensis (Fabricius, 1777) on the territory of Arkhangelsk Region. Arctic Environmental Research 18(2): 66–70. issn2541-8416.2018.18.2.66
  27. Potapov GS, Kolosova YuS, Zubriy NA, Filippov BY, Vlasova AA, Spitsyn VM, Bolotov IN, Kondakov AV (2017) New data on bumblebee fauna (Hymenoptera: Apidae, Bombus Latr.) of Vaygach Island and the Yugorsky Peninsula. Arctic Environmental Research 17(4): 346–354. issn2541-8416.2017.17.4.346
  28. Potapov GS, Kolosova YuS, Bolotov IN (2018a) Possible bivoltine development of several bumblebee species in Europe. Arctic Environmental Research 18(1): 45–51. https://doi. org/10.17238/issn2541-8416.2018.18.1.45
  29. Potapov GS, Kondakov AV, Kolosova YuS, Tomilova AA, Filippov BY, Gofarov MY, Bolotov IN (2018b) Widespread continental mtDNA lineages prevail in the bumblebee fauna of Iceland. ZooKeys 774: 141–153. zookeys.774.26466
  30. Proshchalykin MY, Kupianskaya AN (2005) The bees (Hymenoptera, Apoidea) of the northern part of the Russian Far East. Far Eastern Entomologist 153: 1–39.
  31. Prŷs-Jones OE, Corbet SA (1987) Bumblebees. Cambridge University Press, New York, 86 pp.
  32. Rasmont P, Franzén M, Lecocq T, Harpke A, Roberts SPM, Biesmeijer JC, Castro L, Cederberg B, Dvořák L, Fitzpatrick U, Gonseth Y, Haubruge E, Mahé G, Manino A, Michez D,  Neumayer J, Ødegaard F, Paukkunen J, Pawlikowski T, Potts SG, Reemer M, Settele J, Straka J, Schweiger O (2015) Climatic risk and distribution atlas of European bumblebees. Biorisk 10 (Special issue): 1–236. biorisk.10.4749
  33. Rasmont P, Iserbyt S (2019) Atlas of the European Bees: genus Bombus. Mons University, Mons. http://www.zoologie.umh.
  34. Richards OW (1933) Variation in Bombus jonellus Kirby (Hymenoptera, Bombidae). The Annals and Magazine of Natural History, Zoology, Botany and Geology 12(10): 59–66. https://
  35. Shvartsman YuG, Bolotov IN (2008) Spatio-temporal heterogeneity of the taiga biome in the Pleistocene continental glaciations. The Ural Branch of the RAS, Ekaterinburg, 302 pp.
  36. Skvortsov VE (2000) Atlas for identification of vascular plants in the taiga zone of European Russia. Greenpeace of Russia, Moscow, 587 pp.
  37. Sorokina IA, Bubyreva VA, Liksakova NS (2010) Atlas of wild plants of the Leningrad Region. KMK Scientific Press, Moscow, 664 pp.
  38. Söderman G, Leinonen R (2003) Suomen mesipistiäiset ja niiden uhanalaisuus. Tremex Press, Helsinki, 420 рp.
  39. The Plant List (2013) Version 1.1.
  40. „ Williams PH, Thorp RW, Richardson LL, Colla SR (2014) Bumble Bees of North America: An Identification Guide. Princeton University Press, Princeton, 208 pp.
  41. Williams PH (2019) Bumblebees of the World. The Natural History Museum, London.